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After a sometimes heated debate yesterday on facebook I decided to write a bit of a fact list on Islam.

Islam was founded in the 7th century C.E. By MuhammedBsed on revelations from God Via the Archangel Gabriel.
Islam is one of the Abrahamic family of faiths that also includes Judaism and Christianity. Muslims recognize Abraham, Moses, Jesus and other Biblical figures as part of this tradition. 

There are Five Pillars, or basic practices and beliefs of Islam:

  • Witness / Shahadah:  Declaration that “there is no God but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God.”
  • Prayer / Salah:  Prayer offered at five times during the day.
  • Giving / Zakah:  Almsgiving, and annual gifts to assist the poor.
  • Fasting /Sawm:  Fasting during the month of Ramadan from sunrise to sunset, which includes abstaining from all food, drink and sexual activity.
  • Pilgrimage / Hajj:  A pilgrimage to Mecca (the site of God’s revelation to Muhammad, and the sacrifice made by Abraham) for those who are physically and financially able.
  • In the Qur’an, stories about the life and teachings of Jesus Christ (called ‘Isa in Arabic) are abundant. The Qur’an provides a detailed description of his miraculous birth, his teachings, and the miracles he performed with God’s permission. There is even a chapter of the Qur’an named after his mother, Mary (Miriam in Arabic). However, Muslims believe that Jesus was a fully human prophet and not in any way divine himself.
  • Islam gives complete liberty to the women, especially when it comes to choosing the life partner.  A woman has complete freedom to marry the man of her liking and she also has the right to refuse the marriage if she doesn’t want to have that man as her husband. The families or the parents however do choose the husband but the girl has the right to deny the marriage. Usually the Muslims girls love and respect their families a lot therefore they happily accept the man the family chooses, this however doesn’t mean that the girl is forced into the marriage, this is all a misconception.
  • Women’s rights in Islam include:

    – Name – Islam forbids Muslim women from removing the name of their father. Therefore, after marriage, a Muslim woman is not permitted to take the name of her husband, as is the common practice these days.

    – Choice of husband – a Muslim woman has the right to refuse a marriage proposal. The Prophet made it clear that a girl’s permission is to be sought before a marriage can be validated.

    – Earnings – women have the right to earn money in a halal (permissible) manner and are under no obligation to use their earnings for their upkeep. This is the responsibility of their husbands.

    – Protection – it is a right of the women in Islam to be protected by their male relatives or husbands; to be housed, clothed and fed.

    Many non-Muslims have come to incorrectly believe that Allah is the ‘God of Muslims’ – A deity somehow different from the God of the other faiths. It should be emphasized that the term “Allah” has no implied meaning at all of an Arabian god, a Moon god or even a Muslim god. Muslims are not claiming any exclusiveness when they say “Allah”. However Allah is simply the Arabic Name of the one Almighty God; the same name by which Arabic-speaking Jews and Christians, refer to God. The Allah comes from the term ‘al-ilaah’. Al is the definite article in Arabic, equivalent to ‘the’ in English, while ilaah means ‘a deity or god’. So Allah means The God. This is beautifully articulated in the first pillar of Islam which is to believe that God is One, in Arabic it would be, “La ilaha illallah” meaning “There is no god but God”

    Resources:

    http://www.ncccusa.org/interfaith/facts.htm

    http://beforeitsnews.com/alternative/2013/04/top-10-fast-facts-about-islam-worth-knowing-2621632.html

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Posted January 13, 2014 by robinhood21067 in Uncategorized

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